After all, his audience would have no chance to anoint Jesus―for them, serving the poor is central and anything else could be a distraction. Perhaps Mark is the one who has heavily edited the story and Luke’s tradition is closer to the historical reality. But what about the omission? On what bases would one think that it might have included that? Luke 10:7). The Gospel of Matthew was written around the years 50 to 70, presumably using the Gospel of Mark … John Mark is accredited with the Second Gospel, Luke is credited with the Third, and John is ascribed with the Fourth Gospel by Papias and preserved by Eusebius of Caesarea (A.D. 260-340). (Mark and Luke both wrote New Testament Gospel accounts. So, please continue to delve deeply and share this intellectual sustenance with your grateful readers.”, — Mary Booker, – February 2020 (personal email), “These reviews of yours are so bloody weird!”. Why did Luke change Matthew’s Nativity? When they finally locate him “in the temple, [he is] sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions” (2:46). When Jesus is arrested, the disciples flee. Saint Mark the Evangelist wrote the second gospel, the Gospel according to Mark. . While Mark wrote and circulated his Gospel before Luke wrote his, Luke didn't edit the Gospel of Mark. Why? Result. For example, most interpreters take the woman’s unbound hair in Luke’s account as evidence that she was a prostitute. Couldn’t they include the stories and sayings that they do simply because Jesus did and said those things?This view is known as the Independence hypothesis, and it is the position that most people hold—at least before they start looking closely at the issue. To read more about Neil, see our. Nothing is said in Mark of the women following Christ as He was led to the place of execution, "bewailing and lamenting Him" (Luke 23:27), for sometimes the suffering Servant of God is denied the sympathy of others. [b] This Paragraph indicates three essential points : * Luke was not an eyewitness to Jesus [peace be with him]. There is also some ambiguity in the Markan passage about the meaning of being becoming fishers of men. In Mark, the woman shows her understanding of who Jesus is through the symbolic act of anointing, while the guests and disciples still do not understand who he is.  Spoiler alert: we don’t know—and we cannot determine―why he did this. Accordingly, when Jesus’ parents find him “sitting in the midst of the doctors, . The Joseph Smith Translation turns this scene on its head. Both these points combined — the need for the disciples on Jesus’ part, and the complementary commissioning of the disciples — are not found in Mark, yet they are consistent with canonical Luke’s interest elsewhere in establishing the authority of the disciples as commissioned witnesses and coworkers with and for Jesus. So should the reference to the woman’s unbound hair count as a similarity or a difference? However, not all Mark’s stories are presented in the same chronology or in exactly the same way as we find in Mark. This may explain why Mark has a story prior to the Crucifixion, in which a woman pours perfume over Jesus (Mark 14:3–9): Jesus is thereby prepared for burial even before his death. It reflects well on you. All of these are omitted by Luke. Luke describes the births of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ. And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon’s, and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. Jesus then commissions his first disciples to “catch men”. The differences between the accounts speak of nothing so much as the fact that Jesus’ mortal life was too grand in scope to fit into one book or to be contained within just one perspective. Gospel of Matthew. But if you look at the outside columns, you see that there are some significant differences as well: its chronology in Jesus ministry, whether Simon is a leper or a Pharisee, whether the woman is unidentified or a sinner, whether the head or the feet are anointed, what the objection is, the context of the reference to “pence,” the context of the reference to forgiveness of debts, Jesus’ response, and the main points of the story. We also see this in the Doctrine and Covenants: in a bit of very clever detective work, Brown highlights cases where the Doctrine and Covenants presents information about Jesus’ mortal ministry that would otherwise be unknown. Jesus was tempted three different times. If there is one historical event behind both accounts, note that while it is almost universally recognized that Mark was written first, older does not always mean more accurate. And when they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake. Explain how and why Luke may have edited Mark's Gospel. As Brown writes, “The word ‘complex’ represents accurately the relationship between the gospels of Mark and Luke.” The four canonized accounts of the mortal life of Jesus are not identical, but this is, as they say in the tech world, not a bug but a feature! The Pharisee identifies Jesus as a would-be prophet, one of Luke’s favored ways of describing Jesus. It is the shortest and the earliest of the four Gospels and is traditionally attributed to St. Mark, a disciple of St. Peter. Once more — Paul’s Letter a Rewritten Scripture? 2. And Luke elsewhere repeats the theme of needing labourers for the spiritual harvest. Mark 10:44-45...and whoever wants to be first must be slave of all.For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many. Bruce N. Fisk. Crowds become too much for the prophet or apostle. In Mark’s text, some who witness the anointing complain about the waste of ointment. A third example concerns the woman’s understanding of who Jesus is: in Luke’s story, the woman understands enough about Jesus’ identity to anticipate his ability to forgive, while at the end of the story, the dinner guests are still wondering who Jesus is. Yet we need not rely on this 'cascade' problem alone. Today I’d like to consider the reasons why Luke might have omitted this story. That Gospel remains as its own unique testament. Note that the disciples are with Jesus in the stories immediately before and after this one and therefore presumably in this one, where they would be part of the “some.” And while Matthew and Mark do not always record events identically, note that Matthew, who follows Mark’s anointing story very closely, has some of the disciples object to the anointing. Matt 28:19-20: Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.  We can’t discern Luke’s motives from this historical distance, but this examination has shown that Mark’s anointing story would not have helped Luke develop several of his major themes. Based on internal evidence, it seems that Mark’s Gospel was the first to be written and circulate. As we have learned from our previous modules, Mark was very direct and to the point in his account of the Gospel. They are called not to go out into the world at first, but to be with Jesus. Based on internal evidence, it seems that Mark's Gospel was the first to be written and circulate. Whether this change was made to harmonize with Matthew’s account or to reflect Mark’s original text cannot be determined. to express appreciation for your detailed interaction with what I’ve written!”, “Thanks for your very elaborate review! These similarities lead many scholars to conclude that both stories relate the same incident from the life of Jesus. He says Mark abbreviated Mathew and Luke used both Mark and Mathew to come up with his gospel. Luke’s Christology is different.  If Luke understood Mark to say that the disciples objected to the anointing, he might have chosen not to include this story in his own record because it did not cohere with the message that he wanted to present: Mark’s text shows a teaching moment, not a consecration opportunity, and thus doesn’t fit Luke’s focus. This is because proponents of the Two-Source Hypothesis argue that Matthew and Luke did not know one another. Books and publications are covered with a range of perspectives with attempts at fair and accurate representation of others’ arguments and content (where there are occasional and inevitable missteps on that I notice Neil making corrections and apologies where warranted, which wins points with me). In the three Gospels the voice from the cloud said slightly different things. Marcion’s gospel was not a once-and-for-all text — it went through continual revisions. It is the shortest and the earliest of the four Gospels and is traditionally attributed to St. Mark, a disciple of St. Peter. ): How and why would Luke have edited Mark 14:3-9 contrasted with Luke 7:36-50? And so it tells the story in some slightly different ways than do the other gospels. It is the mushrooming crowds that make them a necessity. Mark thus condemns the temple as hopelessly corrupt. . Dr. Darrell Bock - "Did Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John actually author the gospel accounts?" Similarly, we might suspect that Nephi has presented his wayward brothers in stark black and white tones when a more objective observer, such as Lehi, might have had a little more grey in his palette. Seem to recall Justin being a bit miffed that they wore their persecution status as a badge of honour? They will reappear at the cross and at the tomb, following him to Jerusalem and thereby becoming first-rank witnesses of his resurrection. There are two separate ways in which Mark’s anointing story might have been a poor fit for this special sensitivity: first, Jesus’ statement that the poor would always be with them could be misconstrued as permission to ignore poverty; and second, the woman’s use of extremely expensive anointing oil could be seen as extravagant. But such a conclusion is unwarranted; of sloppy editing, Mark knows nothing. So it is not that Mark’s story casts charity as unimportant; rather, it is precisely because it is so important that it can highlight the even greater significance of the anointing. The traditional authors of the canonical Gospels—Matthew the tax collector, Mark the attendant of Peter, Luke the attendant of Paul, and John the son of Zebedee—are doubted among the majority of mainstream New Testament scholars. Growing need for help given the extensive verbal similarities as well, and Epiphianus never. Christ began his ministry occasions where Luke takes a story from Mark and Luke ’ s or! – June 2019 ( personal email ), what is the Purpose of the other ship, that and. Anointing alongside Luke 7:36–50, ” March 1976 Ensign than do the other.. 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